Physiotherapy Definition & Meaning

Physiotherapy Definition & Meaning


Many types of physical therapy exist, but therapists can choose to specialize in one. The following types are available:

  • Orthopedic Physical Therapy: This is a treatment for musculoskeletal injury, which involves muscles, bones ligaments, fascia and tendons. This therapy is appropriate for fractures, tendinitis and bursitis as well as rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery. There are many options for treatment, including manual therapy, joint mobilizations or strength and mobility training.

  • Geriatric Physical Therapy: This is for older people who have conditions that impact their mobility and function. This treatment is intended to increase mobility, lower pain, and improve physical fitness.

  • People with certain cardiopulmonary conditions or surgical procedures may benefit from cardiovascular rehabilitation. You can get more endurance and strength from your cardiovascular system.

  • Wound care therapy can be used to ensure that wounds heal properly by increasing blood flow and oxygen. Physical therapy may include the use of manual therapies, e-stim, compression therapy, and wound care.

  • Vestibular treatment: This is used to address balance difficulties that could be caused inner ear conditions. Vestibular physical therapy involves a number of exercises and manual techniques that can help patients regain their balance and coordination.

  • Decongestive therapy: This is a treatment that drains accumulated fluid from patients suffering from physically lymphedema or other fluid conditions.

  • Pelvic floor rehabilitation: This can help treat conditions that affect the pelvic floor, such as urinary or fecal incontinence, or urinary urgency and pelvic pain as a result of injuries or surgery or because of certain conditions.

Here's What to Expect

The physical therapist assists patients with all aspects of their healing process, including initial diagnosis and ongoing care. The option of physical therapy can either be used alone or with the support of other treatments.

Patients may be referred to a therapist by their doctors, or they can seek out therapy on their own.

The World Confederation for Physical Therapy states that physical therapists receive training which enables them:

  • A physical exam is conducted to assess a person's performance and movement.

  • Make a comprehensive diagnosis and provide a prognosis. Also, create a treatment plan that includes short-term and longer-term goals.

  • Physical therapy intervention and treatment

  • Giving self-management guidelines, along with home exercises for a person to do at home.

Physical therapy may also include:

  • You can choose from two forms of electrostimulation. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation reduces pain. Instead, neuromuscular electric stimulation stimulates the muscular motor units in order to increase muscular engagement.

  • Special lights and lasers are used to treat medical conditions with light therapy.

Website URL: